- The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector has low ESG standards and is responsible for a third of global energy consumption. Modular construction can address this by reducing waste, optimising material usage, and constructing a building offsite, resulting in fewer emissions and less construction waste.
- Modular construction can be a viable solution to the waste-heavy and energy-intensive supply chains of the AEC sector. Prefabricated modular units help reduce waste and enable optimal use of sustainable materials. Digital technology has made offsite construction a more viable option.
- Modular construction offers environmental advantages by making the optimal use of sustainable materials and reducing waste removal truck emissions. By using digital technology to optimise workflows and design, AEC sector can make construction safer and more affordable for workers and residents.
Advancing Modular Construction through Technology
Modular construction, a building process where a structure is constructed off-site in sections which are then transported and assembled on-site, has been experiencing a renewed interest in recent years due to its many advantages. It saves time and cost, results in less waste, and delivers predictable quality. However, the industry has been held back by certain limitations in modem convenience. This is where technology comes in to play – through advancements in software and robotics, modular construction is set to take off as a more efficient and flexible method of building.
One major innovation is the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM), a digital tool that enables architects and construction professionals to create detailed 3D models of a building before starting construction. These models allow for precise planning and coordination of the various components of the building, which can then be manufactured off-site with a high degree of accuracy. This results in a more streamlined and efficient production process, and leads to a higher quality finished product.
Another technological advancement in modular construction is the use of robotics and automation. Companies such as Katerra and Factory_OS are leading the way in implementing advanced manufacturing techniques such as robotics to create building components off-site. This leads to a faster and more efficient process that reduces waste and lowers costs. These factories enable mass customization, because individual needs from homebuyers can still be considered.
Moreover, technology has enabled effective real-time communication between modular builders, suppliers, and clients. This means that any changes or modifications can be done quickly and efficiently, ensuring that the final product meets the client’s specific needs. There is also an application solution for the monitoring and tracking of all material at manufacturing and site level, reducing the risk to human safety dramatically.
As the demand for housing and other buildings grows, the modular construction industry will continue to become more refined and efficient – thanks to these technological advancements. By using advanced software, robotics, and increased communication, construction professionals can take advantage of modular construction’s many benefits to meet the needs of the future.